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9 interesting facts
about the ancient history
of Anapa

When historians talk about antiquity, we immediately imagine the distant cities of Italy and Greece. But, the ancient history is much closer. In Krasnodar region, on the shores of the Black Sea, there were cities founded during the Great Greek colonization more than 2.5 thousand years ago. Here are some facts about the ancient history of the now popular resort - Anapa.
1. Modern Anapa is located on the site of the ancient city of Gorgippia, which was founded in the IV century BC.

2. Gorgippia, in its turn, is located on the site of an even more ancient settlement, which was called the Sindskaya harbor - after the tribe that lived in these places.

3. Gorgippia was one of the largest cities of the Bosporus Kingdom - a large ancient state, the borders of which in the heyday passed through the territory of modern Krasnodar region, the Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol and Rostov region.

4. The city was named after the royal governor Gorgippus, he was the brother of the Bosporan king Leukon I.

5. The population of Gorgippia was engaged in agriculture, the main income of the Black Sea lands was the export of wheat, which was difficult to grow on the stony soil of Greece.

6. Later, residents began to grow grapes, laying down the traditions of Kuban winemaking. Two ancient wineries have been discovered on the site of the ancient city.

7. In Anapa, the pavement, which is about 1800 years old, has survived, the foundations of residential buildings, a pottery workshop, in which cult figurines were created, as well as the ruins of a trade shop.

8. Locals joke that even a vegetable garden cannot be dug up without finding some artifact, the most common are clay shards.

9. Now the excavations of the ancient city are located in the very center of Anapa and are open to tourists, and the objects found here are exhibited in the Gorgippia Museum-Reserve, a museum that was established in 1977.

10. In 2018, the interregional tourist route "The Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom" was started, which unites cities, cultural and historical sites of the ancient state, located in Krasnodar region, Crimea, Sevastopol and Rostov region.