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Cossacks:

from the past to the future

#traditions
Krasnodar region is called the Cossack Territory - at the end of the 18th century Empress Catherine the Great granted the Kuban lands to the Black Sea Cossack army for eternal possession. From that time on, the Cossacks settled in khutors and villages throughout the Kuban land.
"Remember, brother, that the Cossacks have friendship - custom, comradeship - tradition, hospitality - law" - this is how one of the old sayings sounds. Help and mutual assistance, respect for elders, courage, loyalty to the word, respect for traditions and immense respect for the guests - to the honor of the Cossacks, all this has remained everywhere in Kuban to this day. We have prepared a selection of special places with a Cossack flavor exclusively for you.
Ataman
Taman village, Temryuk district
Travel back in time in this extraordinary open-air museum complex. Real Cossack huts and farmsteads occupy an area of 60 hectares on the shores of the Taman Bay of the Black Sea in the village of Taman. All the exhibits of the museum, collected in the villages of the region, demonstrate the way of life of Cossack families in the 18th – 20th centuries.

Ethnographic complex "Ataman" consists of several streets of the Cossack village, where each courtyard represents a separate position, specialty or craft: potter, shoemaker, barber, huts of ordinary Cossacks, chieftain, headman. A fabulous house on chicken legs with all the attributes of Baba Yaga is allocated to a separate settlement, there are many playgrounds, aviaries with poultry and animals. On the territory of "Ataman" there is a real fairground where you can buy souvenirs, as well as cafes and eateries, where you should dine and relax.

In the museum you can study not only the traditions and customs of ancestors, but also plunge into the atmosphere of a holiday, good mood and free Cossack songs. Each of the huts is assigned to a separate area of the region, and at holidays the best folk groups come here from the villages and khutors of Kuban. During such festivals, traditional Kuban dishes are tasted, ancient rituals and unique master classes are held.

House of Ataman Bursak
Krasnodar
Fyodor Yakovlevich was born in 1750 in the noble family of Antonovichi in the Kharkov region and in his youth he studied at the Bursa, but fled from there to the Zaporozhye Sech, where, according to tradition, received a new surname, the nickname Bursak and bound his life with the Cossacks.

He took part in the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774, in the campaigns of Prince Potemkin to the Crimea. Courage and bravery promoted him to the ranks of officers. Bursak was one of the first to sign up with Zakhary Chepega in the newly formed teams of the Troops of Loyal Cossacks. In their composition, he repeatedly distinguished himself during the assault on Ochakov, Hajibey, Izmail. Alexander Suvorov himself highly appreciated his exploits, presenting him for rewarding with a golden sign.

Appointed on December 22, 1799 as a military ataman, Bursak established good-neighborly relations with the mountain peoples, opened barter yards. It was he who founded the first educational institution in Kuban (military school), the first library, thanks to him, a military cathedral, a cloth factory, a horse farm and a sheepfold were completed.

The house of Fyodor Yakovlevich Bursak in Yekaterinodar stood out among the squat city buildings, it was a wooden structure with columns that adorned the porch, and with the family coat of arms on the pediment of the building. It has survived to this day; after restoration, a memorial museum of the Bursak family was opened in it.

The large forged figure of a two-headed eagle on the facade still symbolizes the fact that the owner of this house honestly served his Fatherland. The house reproduces the environment in which Fyodor Yakovlevich lived - ancient dishes, interiors, drawings, photographs and many other items that immerse guests in the atmosphere of bygone days and the humble life of a great man.
"Field of Cossack Glory"
Kushchevskaya village, Kuschevskiy district
The Kuban Cossacks took an active part in the Great Patriotic War, fighting bravely in the ranks of the Red Army, which also included regular Cossack formations.

One of the clearest examples of this is the feat of the Cossacks of the 17th Cossack Cavalry Corps near the village of Kushchevskaya, who on horseback repelled the largest tank attack of the enemy.

This feat went down in history as the famous "Kushchevskaya attack", for which the 17th Cossack Cavalry Corps, formed from the Kuban and Don Cossack volunteers, was renamed the 4th Guards Kuban Cossack Cavalry Corps.

Anyone who has ever driven a car from the sea along the M4 highway will certainly pay attention to the large white monument depicting a rider on a horse near the village of Kushchevskaya. It was at this place that the Cossacks of the 15th Don and 12th Kuban cavalry divisions stood to death and stopped the tank attack of the Nazis.

The sculpture of a Cossack on a horse was installed long ago, and in 2007 a whole memorial complex-museum "Field of Cossack Glory" appeared here.

The complex includes a monument to the Cossacks-Guardsmen, a gate chapel, a Wall of Memory, as well as household buildings of the Kuban Cossacks and their household items.
Ancient architecture
of the cossak village

Staroshcherbinovskaya village, Shcherbinovsky district
You can get in touch with the Cossack past of the region in the northernmost village of the region - Staroshcherbinovskaya, located in the lower reaches of the Yeya River, not far from the city of Yeisk.

The settlement of the Black Sea Cossacks in 1792 became the basis for the formation of this village. The Cossacks got a very successful territory - rich black soil, forests full of game, and reservoirs - with fish. The settlement received its modern name in 1827. The cultivation and processing of grain was widespread here, and windmills were built. The nearby port city of Yeisk contributed to the development of trade.

You can learn about all this in the local history museum of the village, which was opened in 1961 thanks to the efforts of the history teacher Maria Pasternak. Initially, only two exhibition stands functioned here, but the residents of the village gladly added to the exhibit base. They brought objects of the Kuban life, old photographs and old clothes of their great-grandfathers, thanks to which the museum grew and moved to the house of a wealthy Cossack built in 1912, which itself is an excursion object.

It is noteworthy that in the village there are fifteen houses that belonged to the families of wealthy Cossack warriors that appeared in the late 19th - early 20th centuries, as well as fragments of the Yeisk fortress, which was erected under the leadership of the outstanding Russian commander Alexander Suvorov.

The village attracts everyone who wants to enjoy the southern climate and the traditional Kuban hospitality, in addition, Shcherbinovskiye overflow lands are excellent places for hunting enthusiasts.

Kubansky Khutor
Yeisk, Yeisk district
A few kilometers from the city of Yeisk, in the village of Morskoy, there is an ethnographic center "Kuban Khutor". This is a unique museum of the Cossacks, on which territory you can get acquainted with the history and life of the Cossacks, as well as examine the exposition of their weapons. Various performances are often held here for visitors: children are invited to attend master classes, while parents at this time can try national Cossack cuisine in a cafe on the territory of the complex or go for a horse ride, because "a Cossack is not a warrior without a horse".
"Kuban Cossacks"
Kurganinsk town
The pedigree of Kurganinsk also begins with the Cossack village. On the right bank of Laba, on a mound, on the site of a Cossack guard post, 70 Cossack families who arrived from beyond Kuban established a settlement and named it Kurgannaya due to the abundance of ancient mounds located by the village.

The Holy Ascension Church is rightfully considered a historical and architectural landmark and a symbol of the Kurganinsky district. Its construction began in 1906, and the church chronicle tells that the students of the great Russian artist Vasnetsov took part in the painting of the temple.

The village developed and grew rapidly, together with entire Kuban it survived the years of the Civil and the Great Patriotic wars. 22 thousand Kurgannaya residents went to defend the Motherland, 14 Kurgannaya residents became Heroes of the Soviet Union. The "Nika" memorial is dedicated to the memory of the fallen soldiers.

Kurganinsk land became famous for shooting the film "Kuban Cossacks" here. In memory of the People's Artist of the USSR Clara Luchko, who played one of the main roles. A memorial sign was erected here, and the central square of Kurganinsk was named after her. The permanent exhibition "The Pearl of the Kurgan land" is dedicated to Klara Stepanovna in the museum.
Museum of Cossack Life
Starotitarovskaya village, Temryuk district
The word "Cossack" is associated primarily with military prowess, songs and a colorful way of life. You can get to know all this better by visiting the interesting Museum of Cossack Life in the village of Starotitarovskaya.

There are four halls in the museum, two of which are directly devoted to the history of the Kuban Cossacks and their life, and the other two are occupied by exhibitions entitled "War and Fate" and "I was born in the Kuban village." The building itself, which houses the museum, can also be safely called an "exhibit" - the date of its construction is 1898.

You can explore the museum on your own, suddenly descending into the old village, or you can let to know about your arrival and order an interesting excursion, and then the guests will take part in the action "Cossacks: customs and rituals". During the inspection of the museum travelers will be accompanied by the folklore ensemble "Khutoryanochka".