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Kuban superfoods
Fish
#gastronomy
The sea is a great source of superfoods (that is, delicious and healthy food). There are about 160 species of fish in the Black Sea, and if you come to the resorts of Krasnodar region, be sure to get acquainted with these inhabitants.
1
Surmullet
In ancient Rome, this small fish was served only at the table of the patricians and they paid for it in silver equal in weight to the fish itself.
Today you can taste fresh surmullet in almost any restaurant on the coast of Krasnodar region. After all, this is a classic of the Black Sea cuisine.
This fish is rich in various vitamins and minerals. It contains a lot of extractive substances (2.3-4.5%), including: choline, creatine, inositol, carnosine, glycogen, lactic acid and others, which have a strong succagogue effect and properties that stimulate gastric secretion.
Minerals that make up surmullet: magnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorine, phosphorus, iron, sulfur and other elements. The largest amount of these substances is concentrated directly in the bones of the fish.
Due to its rich mineral composition, surmullet can be safely attributed to the products that provide the metabolism in the human body in the best way.
Surmullet contains a significant amount of fat-soluble vitamins A, B, E. They are especially abundant in caviar, internal fat and liver fat. Just like any other fish, the sultan contains a lot of vitamins B1 - B12 and pantothenic acid.
It is useful to give surmullet meat to young children, because scientists have verified that regular use of this fish in food helps fight eczema and skin diseases. If parents include surmullet in the diet of children from 9 months of age, then such babies have a 24% less chance of suffering from these unpleasant diseases than their peers.
2
Khamsa
The nimble silver fish, which in Europe is called anchovy, is considered the "second bread" in Krasnodar region.
This is one of the best fish delicacies. The fish is salted, pickled, fried, made with sandwiches and even multi-layer cakes. Believe us, it's delicious!
It can be eaten without removing small bones from the fillet. This is especially valuable, since they contain the most calcium and phosphorus. In addition, the fish contains molybdenum, nickel, fluorine, chromium and zinc.
It is a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids that help lower cholesterol levels, reduce the risk of blood clots, improve the lipid profile, prevent the development of malignant neoplasms, diseases of the cardiovascular system and kidneys, and in the event of these ailments, acids slow down their development.
3
Mullet
Surely, when you name this fish, you immediately remember the song about full scows and Kostya the fisherman.
This is the most famous fish of the Black Sea. Four species of mullet live here: Black Sea striped mullet, golden mullet and leaping gray mullet, as well as an alien from the Sea of Japan - Soiuy mullet.
Due to its very tasty white meat and the absence of small bones, the fish is widely used in cooking. Mullet dishes can be very diverse, but smoked or dried fish is considered the most delicious, especially if it is not gutted. The largest fish of the family, the striped mullet, has incredibly tasty caviar. The most valuable is the white fat, which is located in the abdominal cavity of the fish and has a unique and incredibly pleasant taste.
This fish is high in calories, nutritious, rich in vitamins, micro- and macroelements: vitamin PP, chlorine, zinc, chromium, fluorine and phosphorus.
It contains fatty acids that help reduce the risk of heart malfunction and improve brain function.
4
Flounder
Flounder in the menu of restaurants in the resorts of Krasnodar region can often be found under the name "turbot".
This fish is rightfully considered one of the main delicacies of the Black Sea cuisine. It is prepared very simply: it is baked in foil or fried in pieces. Spices, sauce, side dish and serving - at the discretion of the culinary specialist. And it's just mmmmmm ...
Flounder is an invaluable source of protein. Compared to chicken or beef in terms of protein digestibility, inconspicuous sea fish will easily outperform them. Fish proteins are almost completely absorbed. This makes it an indispensable dish for athletes, pregnant women, children and adolescents, and people involved in hard physical work, as well.
Thanks to aspartic and glutamic acids in the composition, flounder is included in the menu of rehabilitation diets for people after surgery.
A significant amount of vitamins such as A, E, B1, B3, B6, B12, C will replace the full packaging of the pharmacy complex with regular fish consumption, and the low fat content makes flounder a frequent dish for those who care of their figure and their own health.
5
Spurdog shark
In the Black Sea, there is a small shark that is afraid of humans.
The spurdog's meat is tender and very tasty, especially when smoked. You can make fish fingers from the fillet of this mini-shark or add it to salads. Spurdog is included in the menu of many restaurants in the coastal cities of Krasnodar region.
The spurdog' liver is indicated for diseases of the cardiovascular system, especially with atherosclerosis, since it contains omega-3 acids that help remove cholesterol from the body. Spurdog meat is very rich in iodine, which is necessary for our body to synthesize thyroid hormones.
It will be useful to try this fish for all those who have a low hemoglobin, since the spurdog's meat is very rich in iron. Therefore, people with anemia should eat it, it is also indicated during heavy periods in women, as well as after major surgical interventions. Spurdog's cartilage can be used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, as it contains a lot of collagen. Spurdog is very useful for the health of bones and teeth, as it contains a lot of calcium and phosphorus.
P.S. And further. Scientists' researches have shown that eating fish actively helps with depression. This effect of fish is explained with the presence of polyunsaturated acids in it. By eating fish 2-3 times a week, you will get rid of depression and bad mood. Of course, the warm sea and the bright sun of Krasnodar region will help you with this.