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Healing mud of the Taman Peninsula
#balneology
The Taman Peninsula is one of the most unique natural corners of Russia. Temryuk district occupies the entire Taman Peninsula, which covers an area of about 2,000 square kilometers. Washed by the waters of two seas, the Azov and the Black, surrounded by firths Kurchansky and Kiziltashsky, it looks more like an island, with internal estuaries, lakes, eriks and channels.
The Taman Peninsula is dominated by loamy, sandy and saline soils, but the most interesting are mud volcanoes located in the youngest troughs of the earth. Scientists are trying to explain the phenomenon of mud volcanism on the Taman Peninsula, but there is still no consensus among researchers. But, the experts agree only in one: the Taman Peninsula is an ideal place for recovery, with a sufficient amount of silt hydrogen sulfide and hill mud, a wonderful climate and good conditions.

Every day the human body is forced to cope with stress, unfavorable ecology, overwork and other negative environmental factors. That is why the body needs rest, and in order to improve the general condition and improve its health, mud treatment has been used for a long time. This is a unique procedure that helps to restore strength and heal a lot of diseases.

There are several types of mud that can be used to improve the patient's well-being:
• peat;
• sulphide-silt;
• hydrothermal or volcanic;
• hill - formed near gas and oil fields;
• sapropel - located at the bottom of reservoirs with fresh water.

Each of the types of mud has a certain effect: it helps cleanse the skin, normalize blood circulation in tissues, increase tissue tone, stimulate regeneration processes, stabilize fat balance, prevent the appearance and growth of bacteria, fungal microorganisms.

Healing mud has a high heat capacity and heat-retaining ability, while it has low thermal conductivity. It is very dense, almost one and a half times heavier than water. When dirt comes into contact with a person's body, a layer is created that prevents air from entering and heats up (or cools) to body temperature. This explains the fact that a person can easily endure high temperature mud applications. Mud has an extremely beneficial effect on the human body due to its composition, which includes mineral salts, special organic substances and trace elements.

There are two types of curative mud on the Taman Peninsula: silt (mud lakes) and volcanic (mud volcanoes). The composition and useful properties of these muds differ.

The Taman region boasts three mud lakes: Markitanskoye, Solyonoye and Golubitskoye. The first is located 5 km east of the village of Taman. The lake is fed by atmospheric precipitation, melt water, overflow, etc. The reserves of mud here are not particularly large, it belongs to the chloride magnesium-sodium type, is a representative of the coastal highly sulfide mud and has a mineralization of 23 g / l.
Solyonoye Lake in Veselovka
The second lake, Solyonoye Lake, is located on the southern coast of the Taman Peninsula, near the village of Veselovka. It is very rich in mud, its supply is 10 times more than in Lake Markitanskoye. Solyonoyoe Lake mud has good plastic-viscous qualities, is distinguished by a high content of salts and hydrogen sulfide. There is a high concentration of bromine and iodine, as well as high mineralization (200-300 g / l). These are highly sulfide highly mineralized mud.

Golubitskoye Lake is located in the village of Golubitskaya, on the shores of the Azov Sea. It does not dry up due to the underground connection with the sea. The chemical composition of the lake water is similar to the composition of sea water. However, there are still differences, first of all, it is that the lake water is more mineralized.

Also, on the Taman Peninsula you can count more than 30 mud volcanoes. Tizdar, Gefest, Akhtanizovsky, Shugo are some of the most famous among them. The mud in the volcanoes of the Taman Peninsula is curative and has been used for decades for the prevention and treatment of diseases of the skin, respiratory system, muscles and joints, digestive organs, as well as diseases in the field of gynecology and urology.