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Akhshtyrskaya cave

Ахштырская пещера

Akhshtyrskaya cave was discovered on September 28 (15), 1903 by the French scientist E.A. Martel and his guide, a resident of Kazachiy Brod village - Gabriel Revinko. In 1936, archaeologist S.N. Zamyatnin discovered a primitive man's site in the cave. In 1961-1965 the excavations were continued by the Leningrad archaeologists M.Z. Panichkina and E.A. Vekilova. The thickness of the cultural layer reached 5 meters, from the Middle Paleolithic era (300 thousand years ago) to the time of the early Middle Ages (500 years BC). The last research was carried out in the cave in 1999-2008.

In 1978, the cave received the status of a unique monument of primitive architecture. The entrance to the cave was closed, and the corridor was blocked by an iron grating. In 1999, the cave was converted into a recreational facility and excursions are currently held here. The cave is equipped with artificial lighting, stairs and steps. The cave has an eastern exposure, stretches 160 meters deep into the cliff, at the beginning it forms a 20-meter corridor, and then turns into two halls. The halls are 10 meters high and 8 meters wide. This is followed by a sharp clay rise and two narrow passages ending in dead ends. In front of the cave there are two platforms connected by a 12-meter corridor.

Ахштырская пещера

Akhshtyrskaya cave

Kazachiy Brod village, Adler district, Sochi, Krasnodar region

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